|Full Name||Robert Nesta Marley|
|DOB||February 6, 1945|
|Date of Death||May 11, 1981|
Bob Marley, in full Robert Nesta Marley, (born February 6, 1945, Nine Miles, St. Ann, Jamaica—died May 11, 1981, Miami, Florida, U.S.), was a Jamaican singer, songwriter, and musician who achieved international fame and acclaim. Bob Marley was a Jamaican singer, songwriter, and musician. Considered one of the pioneers of reggae, his musical career was marked by fusing elements of reggae, ska, and rocksteady, as well as his distinctive vocal and songwriting style.
Marley achieved several great accomplishments during his lifetime, including serving as a world ambassador for reggae music, earning induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994, and selling more than 20 million records—making him the first international superstar to emerge from the so-called Third World.
‘The Wailers,’ comprising of renowned artists, like Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, and Junior Braithwaite among others, created probably the best collections of their time. They are as yet known for hits like ‘Simmer down,’ ‘Rude Boy,’ as well as cult albums like ‘Catch a Fire,’ and ‘Soul Revolution.’ Once the musicians headed out in a different direction, Bob Marley tracked down new artists to team up with and kept delivering his collections under the name ‘Bob Marley and The Wailers.’
His first collection, under this name, was ‘Live!’ after which he proceeded to create records like ‘Rastaman Vibration,’ ‘Kaya,’ ‘Exodus,’ and ‘Babylon by Bus.’ His collection ‘Rastaman Vibration’ was a record-breaking one and solidified his reputation as a peace-loving humanitarian. This vocalist was known for his firm confidence in the ‘Rastafari Movement,’ which was reflected in the tracks he created.
After his demise, which was brought about by threatening melanoma, this recognized character was showered with a few lofty distinctions, including the ‘Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.’
Bob Marley early life
Robert Nesta Marley was born on February 6, 1945, in Nine Mile, British Jamaica, to Norval Sinclair Marley and Cedella Booker. At the time of Bob Marley’s birth, Norval was working as a supervisor at a plantation and Cedella was a singer-songwriter. His father was a white British naval captain named Norval Sinclair Marley, who was nearly 60 at the time.
His mother, Cedella, was a 19-year-old country village girl. Because of his mixed racial makeup, Bob Marley was bullied and derogatorily nicknamed “White Boy” by his neighbors. However, he later said the experience helped him develop this philosophy: “I’m not on the white man’s side, or the Black man’s side. I’m on God’s side.”
When he was a small child, Bob Marley seemed to have a knack for spooking people by successfully predicting their futures by reading their palms. At seven, after a year spent living in the ghettos of Kingston, he returned to his rural village and declared that his new destiny was to become a singer. From then on, he refused all requests to read palms.
By his early teens, Marley was living in Kingston’s Trench Town, a desperately poor slum. In 1955, when Bob Marley was 10 years old, his father died of a heart attack at the age of 70. Marley’s mother went on later to marry Edward Booker, a civil servant from the United States, giving Marley two half-brothers: Richard and Anthony.
He and his friends Bunny Livingston (Neville O’Riley Livingston) and Peter Tosh (Winston Hubert McIntosh) spent a lot of time listening to rhythm and blues on American radio stations. They named their band the Wailing Wailers since they were ghetto victims.
As rehearsing Rastafarians, they developed their hair in dreadlocks and smoked marijuana because they believed it to be a sacred herb that brought enlightenment. Arriving in Kingston in the late 1950s, Bob Marley lived in Trench Town, one of the city’s poorest neighborhoods. He struggled in poverty, but he found inspiration in the music around him. Marley and Livingston devoted much of their time toth music. Under the guidance of Joe Higgs, Marley worked on improving his singing abilities.
Bob Marley Musical Career
It was in February 1962 that Bob Marley first released his four singles songs, ‘Do You Still Love Me?’ ‘Judge Not,’ ‘Terror,’ and ‘One Cup of Coffee’ with the help of recording artist Leslie Kong. The next year, the music band changed its name a few times prior to choosing ‘The Wailers.’ It was at first named ‘The Teenagers,’ then, at that point ‘The Wailing Rudeboys,’ and afterward ‘The Wailing Wailers.’ Coxsone Dodd, the proprietor of a record organization, paid heed to the band solely after it was named ‘The Wailers.’ In 1963, ‘The Wailers’ produced their debut track ‘Simmer Down’ under Coxsone’s banner which became a Jamaican No. 1 in February 1964 selling an estimated 70,000 copies.
In 1965, the reggae band released their first collection ‘The Wailing Wailers,’ which had the successful single, ‘Rude Boy.’ In 1966, however, lead artists Junior Braithwaite and Beverley Kelso passed on the band to seek after their solo careers. ‘The Wailers’ delivered their first worldwide collection ‘Soul Rebels’ in 1970, with the assistance of recording craftsman, Lee ‘Scratch’ Perry. The collection was delivered by ‘Trojan Records’ in the United Kingdom, and it turned out to be profoundly effective. It was subsequently delivered by various music organizations on several occasions.
In 1972, Bob Marley marked an agreement with London-based ‘CBS Records’ and worked together with American performer Johnny Nash for a visit through UK. During a similar time, they got to know the proprietor of ‘Island Records,’ Chris Blackwell. Blackwell proposed that ‘The Wailers’ release a new album and made an advance payment of £4,000.
He also signed Marley on for his record company as a substitute for the famous reggae artiste, Jimmy Cliff. In 1973, ‘The Wailers’ released their next album ‘Burst an into flames’ for the label, ‘Island Records.’ It was reasonably successful, with 14,000 copies being sold. That very year, the collection ‘Burnin’ was produced, containing the hit track, ‘I Shot the Sheriff.’ In 1974, Bob’s band was supposed to kick-start 17 concerts in the US, before other music groups took over. However, their popularity had grown to such an extent that their performance had to be stopped after the first four concerts. The Wailers disbanded in 1974, with each of the three main members pursuing a solo career.
In 1975, Bob recorded the album ‘Live!’ along with his new band members, Tyrone Downie, Al Anderson, Junior Marvin, as well as brothers Aston and Carlton Barrett. The following year, he also produced the album ‘Rastaman Vibration,’ with the hit single, ‘War.’
During 1977-78, Marley produced albums, such as ‘Exodus,’ ‘Kaya,’ and ‘Babylon by Bus.’ Around the same time, he made an appearance at the ‘One Love Peace Concert’ in Jamaica. In the next two years, Marley released the commercially successful album ‘Survival,’ which had heart-rending tracks like ‘Africa Unite,’ ‘Zimbabwe,’ and ‘Wake Up and Live.’ He also released the album ‘Uprising,’ which had famous singles like ‘Redemption Song’ and ‘Forever Loving Jah.’
Bob Marley Awards and Achievements
In 1978, Bob Marley was presented with the ‘United Nations’ award titled ‘Peace Medal of the Third World.’ In 1981, he was honored with the ‘Jamaican Order of Merit’ by the Jamaican government. In 1999 the Album of the Century for Exodus was published by Time magazine. Post mortem, during the 2000s, he has gotten several honors, including the ‘Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.’
He has additionally been accepted into the ‘Hollywood Walk of Fame’ and the ‘Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.’ His band’s collection ‘Burst an into flames’ has likewise been incorporated into the ‘Grammy Hall of Fame.’
Bob Marley Legacy
Bob Marley accomplished a few extraordinary achievements during his lifetime, including filling in as a world envoy for reggae music, acquiring acceptance into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994, and selling in excess of 20 million records—making him the first international superstar to emerge from the so-called Third World.
A very long time after his passing, Marley’s music remains broadly acclaimed. His melodic heritage has additionally proceeded through his family and long-lasting bandmates; Rita keeps on performing with the I-Threes, the Wailers and a portion of the Marley kids. (Marley purportedly fathered nine kids, however reports fluctuate.)
Marley’s children, David “Ziggy” and Stephen, and girls Cedella and Sharon (Rita’s girl from a past relationship who was embraced by Marley) played for quite a long time as Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers, later proceeding as the Melody Makers. (Ziggy and Stephen have additionally had solo victories.) Sons Damian “Gong Jr.” Ky-Mani and Julian are likewise gifted recording specialists. Other Marley kids are associated with blood related organizations, including the Tuff Gong record name, established by Marley during the 1960s.
In January 2018, Island Records author Chris Blackwell offered most of his privileges to Marley’s index to Primary Wave Music Publishing, known for its marking and advertising lobbies for “the symbols and legends business.” Said Primary Wave originator Larry Mestel, “There isn’t a fissure of the existence where Bob Marley isn’t a divine being.”
Marley’s obligation to battling mistreatment likewise proceeds through an association that was set up in his memory by the Marley family: The Bob Marley Foundation is dedicated to aiding individuals and associations in agricultural countries.
Bob Marley Personal Life
In 1966, Bob Marley converted from Catholic to ‘Rastafari’ religious faith, inculcating the movement’s rituals and culture into the reggae music he played. Bob Marley also used marijuana and continued using it despite being arrested once for possession of the drug. Marley got married to Alpharita Constantia Anderson, normally known as Rita, on February 10, 1966, in Kingston. The couple had three children, Cedella, Ziggy, and Stephen. However, he was married distinctly to Rita, the artist had kids from different connections as well.
Bob Marley likewise adopted the children Rita had borne from other affairs. In 1976, while on a free show named ‘Grin Jamaica,’ which was coordinated by the Jamaican Prime Minister Michael Manley to disintegrate fighting political strains, Marley, his better half, and administrator Don Taylor ways were attacked by shooters in his home.
His better half and director supported serious wounds, while Bob Marley experienced minor injuries. In July 1977, Marley was diagnosed with a type of malignant melanoma under a toenail a kind of incurable skin cancer. It took four years for the disease to spread, and his health deteriorated. In 1983, a posthumous album titled ‘Confrontation,’ containing the single ‘Buffalo Soldier’ was released. Statues of this great singer have been erected at Kingston, Jamaica, as well as in the Banat ski Sololá village of Serbia. In 2012, the movie ‘Marley,’ directed by Kevin Macdonald, was released.
Shortly afterward, Marley’s health deteriorated as his cancer had spread throughout his body. The rest of the tour was canceled and Marley sought treatment at the clinic of Josef Issels in Bavaria, Germany, where he underwent an alternative cancer treatment called Issels treatment partly based on avoidance of certain foods, drinks, and other substances. After eight months of effectively failing to treat his advancing cancer, Marley boarded a plane for his home in Jamaica.
During the flight, Marley’s vital functions worsened. After landing in Miami, Florida, he was taken to Cedars of Lebanon Hospital For immediate medical attention, where he died on 11 May 1981, aged 36, due to the spread of melanoma to his lungs and brain. Bob Marley final words to his son Ziggy were “Money can’t buy life.
Bob Marley Quotes
- “One good thing about music, when it hits you, you feel no pain.”
- “Some people feel the rain. Others just get wet.”
- “If she’s amazing, she won’t be easy. If she’s easy, she won’t be amazing. If she’s worth it, you won’t give up. If you give up, you’re not worthy. … Truth is, everybody is going to hurt you; you just got to find the ones worth suffering for.”
- “Don’t Gain The World & Lose Your Soul, Wisdom Is Better Than Silver or Gold.”
- “The greatness of a man is not in how much wealth he acquires, but in his integrity and his ability to affect those around him positively.”
- “Herb is the healing of a nation; alcohol is the destruction.”
- “When one door is closed, don’t you know that many more are open.”
- “Better to die fighting for freedom than be a prisoner all the days of your life.”
- “It’s your conscience that is going to remind you; that it’s your heart and nobody else’s that is going to judge.”
- “Love the life you live. Live the life you love.”
- “Life is one big road with lots of signs. So when you riding through the ruts, don’t complicate your mind. Flee from hate, mischief, and jealousy. Don’t bury your thoughts, put your vision into reality. Wake Up and Live!”
- “I don’t dip on nobody’s side. I don’t dip on the black man’s side, not the white man’s side. I dip on God’s side, the one who create me and cause me to come from black and white.”
- “Everything is political. I will never be a politician or even think political. I just deal with life and nature. That is the greatest thing to me.”
- “Until the philosophy which holds one race superior and another inferior is finally and permanently discredited and abandoned… Everything is war. I say war. That until they’re no longer 1st class and 2nd class citizens of any nation… Until the color of a man’s skin is of no more significance than the color of his eyes, I say war. That until the basic human rights are equally guaranteed to all without regard to race me say war!”
- “I only have one ambition, now. I only have one thing I like to see happen. I like to see mankind live together – black, white, Chinese, everyone – that’s all.”
- “Life and Jah are the same. Jah is the gift of existence. I am in some way eternal, I will never be duplicated. The singularity of every man and woman is Jah’s gift. What we struggle to make of it is our sole gift to Jah. The process of what that struggle becomes, in time, the Truth.”
- “If you’re white and you’re wrong, then you’re wrong; if you’re black and you’re wrong, you’re wrong. People are people. Black, blue, pink, green – God make no rules about color; only society make rules where my people suffer, and that why we must have redemption and redemption now.”
- “Babylon is everywhere. You have wrong and you have right. Wrong is what we call Babylon, wrong things. That is what Babylon is to me. I could have been born in England, I could have been born in America, it makes no difference where me born because there is Babylon everywhere.”
- “To love is to risk, not being loved in return. to hope is to risk pain. to try is to risk failure. but risk must be taken because the greatest hazard in my life is to risk nothing.”
- “You entertain satisfied people. Hungry people can’t be entertained – or people who are afraid. You can’t entertain a man who has no food.”