|Full Name||Nicanor Segundo Parra Sandoval|
|DOB||September 5, 1914|
|Demise||January 23, 2018|
|Profession||Poet and Physicist|
Nicanor Segundo Parra Sandoval (Nicanor Parra) was born on 5 September 1914 and died on 23 January 2018 was a Chilean writer and physicist. He was viewed as one of the most compelling Chilean writers of the Spanish language in the twentieth century, regularly contrasted and Pablo Neruda. Parra depicted himself as a “hostile to the writer,” because of his dislike for standard wonderful pageantry and capacity; after recitations, he would shout “Me retracto de task lo dicho” (“I take back everything I said”).
Nicanor Parra Early Career
Nicanor Parra, the child of a teacher, was born in 1914 in San Fabián de Alico, close to Chillán, in Chile. He came from the creatively productive Parra group of entertainers, artists, specialists, and essayists. His sister, Violeta Parra, was a people artist, similar to his sibling Roberto Parra Sandoval.
In 1933, he entered the Instituto Pedagógico of the University of Chile, where he qualified as an instructor of math and physical science in 1938, one year after the distribution of his first book, Cancionero sin Nombre. After educating in Chilean optional schools, in 1943 he took a crack at Brown University in the United States to concentrate on material science. In 1948, he went to Oxford University to concentrate on cosmology.
Nicanor Parra got back to Chile as an educator at the Universidad de Chile in 1952. Nicanor Parra filled in as an educator of hypothetical physical science at the University of Chile from 1952 to 1991 and was a meeting teacher at Louisiana State University, New York University, and Yale University. He read his verse in England, France, Russia, Mexico, Cuba, and the United States. He distributed many books.
His assortment Poemas y Antipoemas (1954) is an example of Latin American writing, one of the most powerful Spanish verse assortments of the 20th century. It is referred to as a motivation by American Beat scholars like Allen Ginsberg.
Despite the fact that Nicanor Parra later revoked his first book of verse, Cancionero sin Nombre (1937; “Songbook Without a Name”), it augurs his utilization in later “antipoetry” of casual, regularly disrespectful language, light treatment of old style structures, and entertaining tone.
With Poemas y antipoemas (1954; Poems and Antipoems), Parra’s endeavors to make verse more available acquired him public and global acclaim. In clear, direct language, these stanzas treat with dark humor and unexpected vision normal, ordinary issues of an unusual and frequently silly world.
Subsequent to exploring different avenues regarding the nearby discourse and humor of the Chilean lower classes in La coeca larga (1958; “The Long Cueca [Dance]”), Parra distributed Versos de salón (1962; “Refrains of the Salon”), which proceeded the antipoetic procedures of his previous works. Obra gruesa (1969; “Major Work”) is an assortment of Parra’s sonnets, barring his first book. Its tone of disappointment is heightened by the utilization of mundane language, antique, and amusing wit.
In 1967 Nicanor Parra started to compose test short sonnets that he later distributed as an assortment of postcards entitled Artefactos (1972; “Ancient rarities”). In these, he endeavored to lessen language to its least complex structure without annihilating its social and philosophical effect. His later assortments incorporate Sermones y prédicas del Cristo de Elqui (1977; Sermons and Homilies of the Christ of Elqui); Hojas de Parra (1985; “Leaves [Pages] of Parra”), a quip on his last name, and that signifies “plant”; and Discursos de sobremesa (1997; After-Dinner Declarations).
Antipoems, New and Selected (1985) and Antipoems: How to Look Better and Feel Great (2004) incorporate English interpretations of Parra’s sonnets. In 2011 he was named the beneficiary of the Cervantes Prize, the most esteemed artistic honor in the Spanish-talking world.
Nicanor Parra Works
- Songbook without a Name – 1937.
- Poems and Antipoems – 1954; Nascimento – 1956; Cátedra – 2005
- The Long Cueca -1958
- Parlor Verses – 1962
- Manifesto – 1963
- Russian Songs – 1967
- Thick Works – 1969
- The Teachers – 1971
- Artifacts – 1972
- Sermons and Teachings of the Christ of Elquí – 1977
- New Sermons and Teachings of the Christ of Elquí – 1979
- The Anti-Lazarus – 1981
- Sesame Street – 1981
- Poem and Antipoem of Eduardo Frei – 1982
- Cachureos, ecopoemas, guatapiques, últimas prédicas – 1983
- Jokes to Confuse the Police – 1983
- Christmas Couplets – 1983
- Political Poetry – 1983
- Grape Leaves / Pages of Parra (Spanish pun) – 1985
- Nicanor Parra: Emotional Biography – 1988
- Poems to Combat Baldness – 1993
- White Pages – 2001
- Lear, King & Beggar – 2004
- Complete Works I and Something More – 2006
- After Dinner Declarations – 2006
- Complete Works II and Something More – 2011
- Thus Spoke Parra in El Mercurio, Interviews Given to the Chilean Newspaper Between 1968 and 2007 – 2012
- The Last One to Leave Turns Off the Lights – 2017