|Full Name||Osama bin Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden|
|DOB||March 10, 1957|
|Demise||May 2, 2011|
Osama Bin Laden was a terrorist from Saudi Arabia who founded the pan-Islamic militant group al-Qaeda. The United Nations Security Council, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the European Union, and several countries have branded the organization as a terrorist organization. Al-Qaeda was responsible for the September 11 attacks in the United States, as well as many other mass-casualty attacks around the world, under bin Laden’s leadership.
He was a member of the powerful bin Laden family and a Saudi Arabian citizen until 1994. Mohammed bin Awad bin Laden, a Saudi millionaire from Hadhramaut, Yemen, and the founder of the construction enterprise, was Bin Laden’s father.He was born in Saudi Arabia and attended university there until 1979, when he joined Mujahideen forces battling the Soviet Union in Afghanistan in Pakistan. He won popularity among many Arabs by helping to fund the Mujahideen by funneling weaponry, money, and fighters into Afghanistan from the Arab world.
Bin Laden is best recognized for his part in planning the September 11 attacks, which killed nearly 3,000 people and forced the United States to intervene.
Osama Bin Laden Early Life
Osama Bin Laden was one of more than 50 children born to Muhammad bin Laden, a self-made billionaire who ascended through the ranks of the Saudi royal family’s building enterprises after emigrating to Saudi Arabia as a laborer. Muhammad’s company had grown to become one of the greatest construction firms in the Middle East by the time he died in an aviation crash in 1967, and the bin Laden family had built a close relationship with the Saudi royal family.
Osama bin Laden studied business administration at Jeddah’s King Abdul Aziz University, where he is suspected to have gotten religious studies tuition from Muhammad Qub, the brother of Islamic revivalist Sayyid Qub, and Abdullah Azzam, a militant commander. His time at university was crucial to his future position as al-Qaeda commander, not only in shaping his radical views but also in equipping him with the ability to sell the organization.
Osama Bin Laden Personal Life
Osama Bin Laden married Najwa Ghanem at the age of 17 in 1974 in Latakia, Syria; but the couple eventually divorced, and she fled Afghanistan on September 9, 2001. Khadijah Sharif (married 1983, divorced 1990s); Khairiah Sabar (married 1985); Siham Sabar (married 1987); and Amal al-Sadah (married 1987). (married 2000). A sixth woman, whose name is unknown, was married to bin Laden but the marriage was dissolved soon after the ceremony, according to some accounts. Bin Laden and his wives had between 20 and 26 children.
Mohammed Bin Laden died in a plane crash in Saudi Arabia in 1967 when his American pilot Jim Harrington miscalculated a landing. Salem bin Laden, Bin Laden’s eldest half-brother, and the family’s subsequent leader was killed in 1988 near San Antonio, Texas, in the United States, after he accidentally drove a jet into power lines.
Formation Of al-Qaeda
Osama Bin Laden began going to meet Afghan resistance commanders and gather finances for the resistance shortly after the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, seeing the invasion as an act of war against Islam. By 1984, he had concentrated his efforts in Afghanistan and Pakistan, where he worked with Azzam to recruit and organize Arab volunteers to combat the Soviet occupation. Bin Laden’s financial advantages, along with his piety and battle bravery, elevated his status as a militant leader. A computer database he built in 1988 collecting the names of Afghan War volunteers led to the establishment of al-Qaeda the following year, despite the group’s lack of clear aims or an operational purpose for several years.
Bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia in 1989, following the Soviet retreat from Afghanistan. His appeals for permission to utilize his network of warriors to protect Saudi Arabia against the threat of invasion presented by Saddam Hussein’s Iraq were rebuffed by the government in 1990. During the Persian Gulf War, Bin Laden was enraged when Saudi Arabia relied on US forces for protection, leading to a widening schism between bin Laden and the country’s leaders.
Bin Laden and his al-Qaeda network began to formulate a violent agenda in the early 1990s in response to the prospect of US supremacy in the Muslim world. Bin Laden explicitly praised assaults on Americans carried out by other groups, including the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center in New York.
Sudan dismissed bin Laden in 1996 after international pressure, and he returned to Afghanistan, where he was protected by the ruling Taliban force. Bin Laden delivered the first of two fatwas proclaiming a holy war against the United States later that year.
Bin Laden ordered simultaneous bombings of US embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in 1998, larger than any of al-prior Qaeda’s attacks, killing 224 people. The US replied by firing cruise missiles at places in Afghanistan believed to be bin Laden’s hideouts. In 2000, an al-Qaeda attack murdered 17 sailors aboard the USS Cole, an American warship stationed in Yemen.
Osama Bin Laden Death
On May 2, 2011, soon after 1:00 a.m., Osama bin Laden was assassinated in Abbottabad, Pakistan.The operation, code-named Operation Neptune Spear, was ordered by US President Barack Obama and carried out by a team of US Navy SEALs from the Joint Special Operations Command’s Naval Special Warfare Development Group, with support from CIA operatives on the ground, as a US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operation.
Bin Laden body was buried in sea, in accordance with Islamic law, within 24 hours of his death.