|Full Name||Stephen William Hawking|
|DOB||8 January 1942|
|Demise||14 March 2018|
Stephen William Hawking was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and creator who also was head of research at the Center for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge. He was born in Oxford, United Kingdom in a physicians family. At 17 years old, he started his college schooling at University College, Oxford, where he got a first-class BA degree in physics.
Stephen Hawking was regarded as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists in history. His work on the origins and structure of the universe, from the Big Bang to black holes, revolutionized the field, while his best-selling books have appealed to readers who may not have Hawking’s scientific background. Hawking died on March 14, 2018, at the age of 76
Stephen Hawking was seen by many as the world’s smartest person, though he never revealed his IQ score. According to the news site The Atlantic, when a New York Times reporter asked Hawking what his IQ was, he replied with “I have no idea, people who boast about their IQ are losers.”
In October 1962, he started his graduate work at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where in March 1966, he acquired his PhD degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics. In early 1963, just shy of his 21st birthday, Hawking was diagnosed with motor neuron disease, more commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
Stephen Hawking was not expected to live more than two years. Completing his doctorate did not appear likely, but Hawking defied the odds. He attained his PhD in 1966 (Hawking made his PhD thesis available online in 2017) and he went on to forge new roads into the understanding of the universe in the decades since.
Hawking worked primarily in the field of general relativity and especially on the physics of black holes. In 1970, Hawking assumed what became known as the second law of black hole dynamics that the event horizon of a black hole can never get smaller. He also distributed a proof that assuming the universe obeys the general hypothesis of relativity and fits any of the models of physical cosmology created by Alexander Friedmann, then at that point, it probably started as a peculiarity.
Hawking’s essay named “Black Holes” won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971.
Hawking’s first book, “The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time” composed with George Ellis, was distributed in 1973. At the same time Hawking moved into the study of quantum gravity and quantum mechanics. In 1974 Hawking was appointed to the Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Visiting Professorship at the California Institute of Technology.
In 1975, he was granted both the Eddington Medal and the Pius XI Gold Medal, and in 1976 the Dannie Heineman Prize, the Maxwell Medal and Prize and the Hughes Medal. He was designated a teacher with a chair in gravitational physics in 1977. The next year he got the Albert Einstein Medal and an honorary PhD from the University of Oxford. In 1981, he stated that data in a black hole is irrevocable lost when a black hole dry up. This data paradox disregards the major precept of quantum mechanics, and prompted long stretches of discussion, including “the Black Hole War” with Leonard Susskind and Gerard’t Hooft.
In 1993 he co-edited a book on Euclidean quantum gravity with Gary Gibbons and distributed his very own gathered version articles on black hole and the Big Bang. In 1994, at Cambridge’s Newton Institute, Hawking and Penrose conveyed a series of six lectures that were published in 1996 as “The Nature of Space and Time”.
Hawking likewise kept up his public profile, including bringing science to a more extensive audience. A movie version of “A Brief History of Time”, directed by Errol Morris and created by Steven Spielberg, debuted in 1992. Hawking had wanted the film to be scientific rather than biographical, but he was persuaded otherwise. The film, while a critical achievement, was not widely released.
Hawking began to travel widely, including trips to Chile, Easter Island, South Africa, Spain Canada and various trips to the United States. For viable reasons connected with his disability, Hawking progressively went by personal luxury plane and by 2011 that had turned into his only mode of international travel. Hawking created Stephen Hawking: Expedition New Earth, a documentary on space colonization, as a 2017 episode of Tomorrow’s World. In July 2017, Hawking was granted an Honorary Doctorate from Imperial College London.
Famous Books Written By Stephen Hawking
- A Brief History of Time.
- Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays.
- The Universe in a Nutshell.
- On the Shoulders of Giants.
- God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History.
- The Dreams That Stuff Is Made of: The Most Astounding Papers of Quantum Physics and How They Shook the Scientific World.
- My Brief History.
- Brief Answers to the Big Questions.
Hawking’s Movies And Series
- A Brief History of Time.
- Stephen Hawking’s Universe.
- Hawking – BBC television film.
- Horizon: The Hawking Paradox.
- Masters of Science Fiction.
- Stephen Hawking and the Theory of Everything.
- Stephen Hawking: Master of the Universe.
- Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking.
- Brave New World with Stephen Hawking.
- Stephen Hawking’s Grand Design.
- The Big Bang Theory.
- Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Mine.
- The Theory of Everything – Feature film
- Genius by Stephen Hawking.
At 21 years old, Hawking was diagonised with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In simple word he suffered from slow-progressing type of motor neurone disease that slowly make him paralyzed. However Hawking’s disease helped transform him into the great scientist he became.
Once hawking said that “if, like me, you have looked at the stairs, and tried to make sense of what you see, you too have started to wonder what makes the universe exists.”
How Did Stephen Hawking Talk?
By the mid-1970s, the Hawking family had taken in one of Hawking’s graduate students to help with dealing with his care and work. He could still take care of himself and get up, but slowly all the other things needed help. Slowly his speech had become increasingly slurred, so that only those who knew him well could understand him. In 1985 he lost his voice.
A California computer programmer, who had developed a speaking device that could be directed by head or eye movement that innovation turned into a lifeline for hawking. The innovation allowed Hawking to select words on a PC screen that were then passed through a speech synthesizer. But gradually hawking’s body started losing his control directed that device through a cheek muscle attached to a sensor.
Stephen Hawking Death
On March 14, 2018, Hawking finally passed from ALS, the disease that was supposed to have killed him over 50 years earlier. A family spokesman confirmed that the notable scientist passed on at his home in Cambridge, England. His courage and persistence with his brilliance and humor inspired individuals across the world.
Top 10 Famous Quotes By Stephen hawking
- “Quiet people have the loudest minds.”
- “Intelligence is the ability to adapt to change.”
- “However difficult life may seem, there is always something you can do and succeed at.”
- “My expectations were reduced to zero when I was 21. Everything since then has been a bonus.”
- “One of the basic rules of the universe is that nothing is perfect. Perfection simply doesn’t exist…..Without imperfection, neither you nor I would exist”
- “The universe doesn’t allow perfection.”
- “My goal is simple. It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is as it is and why it exists at all.”
- “People who boast about their I.Q. are losers.”
- “I’m not afraid of death, but I’m in no hurry to die.”
- “The thing about smart people is that they seem like crazy people to dumb people.”