Wright Brothers – Brothers With Genius Mind

Wright Brothers
Full NameOrville Wright &Wilbur Wright
DOBAugust 19, 1871 & April 16, 1867
NationalityAmerican
ProfessionPrinter, Airplane inventor, Pilot trainer
DemiseJanuary 30, 1948 & May 30, 1912
Wright Brothers Personal Information

Wright brothers are credited with conceiving, manufacturing, and flying the world’s first successful motor-driven airplane. On December 17, 1903, 6 kilometers south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, they made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft with the Wright Flyer. The Wright brothers modified their flying machine, the Wright Flyer II, in 1904–1905, to perform longer-running and more aerodynamic flights, followed by the Wright Flyer III, the first fully practical fixed-wing aircraft. The brothers’ innovation was the development of a three-axis control system, which allowed the pilot to properly direct the plane while maintaining its balance.

Working for years in their  Dayton, Ohio-based shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery gave the brothers the mechanical talents they needed to succeed. Their experience with bicycles inspired their notion that an inherently unstable vehicle like a flying machine could be controlled and balanced with practice. They conducted extensive glider tests from 1900 until their first powered flights in late 1903, which developed their piloting talents.

Various parties have challenged the Wright brothers’ claim to being the inventors of the airplane. The various contradicting claims of early aviators have sparked a lot of debate. They were outstanding self-taught engineers who could run a small company, but they lacked the business skills and temperament to dominate the booming aviation industry, according to Edward Roach, historian fr the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park. 

Wright Brothers Early Life

wright brothers early life

As both brothers attended high school, neither received a diploma. Wilbur was unable to receive his graduation after four years of high school due to the family’s unexpected migration in 1884 from Richmond, Indiana, to Dayton, Ohio, where the family had lived during the 1870s.Wilbur was struck in the face by a hockey stick while ice skating with friends in late 1885 or early 1886, resulting in the loss of his front teeth. He had been active and athletic up until that point, and his injuries did not appear to be particularly serious. He had intended to attend Yale University.

Instead, he spent the following few years mostly confined to his home. He took care of his mother, who was dying of tuberculosis, read extensively in his father’s library, and ably aided his father during periods of conflict within the Brethren Church during this time.

In 1889, Orville dropped out of high school after his junior year to start a printing firm with Wilbur’s help, having developed and built his own printing machine. Wilbur joined the print shop, and the brothers founded the West Side News, a weekly newspaper, in March. On the masthead of subsequent issues, Orville was credited as publisher while Wilbur was listed as editor. They changed the publication to a daily, The Evening Item, in April 1890, but it only lasted four months. After then, they concentrated on commercial printing. Paul Laurence Dunbar, Orville’s buddy and student who rose to international prominence as a groundbreaking African-American poet and writer, was one of their clientele.

The Wright brothers launched a repair and sales operation in December 1892, and began manufacturing their own brand in 1896. They used the proceeds from this venture to fuel their developing interest in flying.To the public, the Wright brothers always presented a united front, sharing equally in the credit for their innovation. Wilbur took the initiative in 1899–1900, penning “my” machine and “my” plans before Orville got engaged when the first person singular became the plural “we” and “our,” according to biographers.

According to author James Tobin, “It’s inconceivable to envision Orville, as brilliant as he was, providing the impetus that got them started and kept them moving from a back room of an Ohio store to meetings with capitalists, presidents, and kings. Will was the one who did it. From the beginning to the end, he was the leader.”

Developing Airplane

Wright brothers aeroplane

The Wright brothers, who were always working on new mechanical projects and keeping up with scientific study, kept a close eye on German aviator Otto Lilienthal’s research. Following Lilienthal’s death in a glider crash, the brothers decided to begin their own flight experiments. Wilbur and Orville traveled to Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, noted for having strong winds, in order to build their own successful design.

The Wight brothers got to work on figuring out how to make flying wings.

They came up with the concept of “wing warping.” On December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers discovered the golden formula: they flew the first free, controlled flight of a power-driven, heavier-than-air plane. Wilbur flew their plane for 59 seconds, covering an incredible distance of 852 feet.

The Wright brothers quickly discovered that their accomplishments were not universally admired. Many in the media, as well as other flight specialists, were skeptical of the brothers’ assertions. As a result, Wilbur set out for Europe in 1908, hoping to have better luck persuading the public and selling airplanes.

Public Showing

Wright Brothers Contracts with the US Army and a French syndicate hinged on the brothers’ ability to perform successful public flying demonstrations that matched specified criteria. The brothers were forced to split their efforts. Wilbur set off for Europe, while Orville planned to land near Washington, DC.

Wilbur launched official public demonstrations on August 8, 1908, at the Hunaudières horse racing track in Le Mans, France, despite great skepticism from the French aviation community and downright scorn from several media who labeled him a “bluffeur.” His maiden flight lasted barely 1 minute 45 seconds, but his ability to make banking turns and fly a circle astounded and thrilled witnesses, including several pioneer French aviators, notably Louis Blériot. 

When Edith Berg, the wife of the brothers’ European business agent, flew with Wilbur on October 7, 1908, she became the first American woman passenger. She was one of many passengers who flew with Wilbur that autumn, including Griffith Brewer and Charles Rolls. Léon Bollée and his family were also introduced to Wilbur. Bollée owned an automobile factory where Wilbur would assemble the Flyer with the help of hired labor. Bollée was going to fly with Wilbur that autumn.

When Wilbur came in LeMans in June 1908 to assemble the Flyer, Madame Bollée was in the final stages of her pregnancy. Wilbur promised her that on the day her baby was born, he would fly over Europe for the first time, which he did on August 8, 1908.On September 3, 1908, Orville followed in his brother’s footsteps by displaying a virtually identical Flyer to the United States Army at Fort Myer, Virginia. He flew the first hour-long flight on September 9, lasting 62 minutes and 15 seconds. On the same day, he picked up Frank P. Lahm as a passenger, and three days later, Major George Squier.

Death and Legacy

In April 1912, Wilbur became unwell while on a vacation to Boston. He died on May 30 at his family’s home in Dayton, Ohio, after being diagnosed with typhoid fever. “A brief life, full of implications,” Milton Wright wrote in his diary. He lived and died with an unshakable mind, unflappable temper, strong self-reliance and modesty, recognizing the truth clearly and pursuing it resolutely.”

Top 10 Famous Quotes By Wright Brother

  1. If birds can glide for long periods of time, then… why can’t I?
  2. The airplane stays up because it doesn’t have the time to fall.
  3. There is no sport equal to that which aviators enjoy while being carried through the air on great white wings. More than anything else the sensation is one of perfect peace mingled with an excitement that strains every nerve to the utmost if you can conceive of such a combination.
  4. It is possible to fly without motors, but not without knowledge and skill.
  5. “A man who works for the immediate present and its immediate rewards is nothing but a fool.
  6. Do not let yourself be forced into doing anything before you are ready.
  7. All the money anyone needs is just enough to prevent one from being a burden on others
  8. What is chiefly needed is skill rather than machinery
  9. It was the first time in the history of the world that a machine carrying a man and driven by a motor had lifted itself from the ground in free flight.
  10. We were lucky enough to grow up in an environment where there was always much encouragement to children to pursue intellectual interests; to investigate what ever aroused curiosity. – Wright Brothers

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